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On this auspicious World Cancer Day, let us say YES to life and No to Cancer.

In the pursuit of knowing something from knowing nothing, the world has indeed been on a topsy-turvy ride. From the motion of planets to the Brownian motion, from playing with pebbles in the real world to playing with the same in the virtual world, from burning to barbecuing, from hides to embroidery, from knowing our neighbor next door to knowing our neighbor country – the earth indeed has stories to tell. The earth would probably be the abode of a Royal King, who loves His people and he loves His people so much that He lets His people cherish each day in some way or the other. One such day is today. Today, the people of the Earth observe World Cancer Day.

This day was founded by the Union for International Cancer Control(UICC) to support the goals of the World Cancer Declaration and to raise awareness of cancer and to encourage its prevention, detection, and treatment. This day targets misinformation, raises awareness and reduces stigma Multiple initiatives run on World Cancer Day to show support for those affected by cancer. One of these movements is #NoHairSelfie, a global movement to have “hairticipants” shave their heads either physically or virtually to show a symbol of courage for those undergoing cancer treatment. Images of participants are then shared over social media. Local events also take place. (Source; Wikipedia)

But is that the only type of cancer which we need to be aware of? I believe, the answer is a big NO. Cancer that is around us is detectable but cancer that we possess remains undetected. On this day, let us first detect the cancer that is within us and fight it. Let us, together, fight the

  • Cancer that judges a girl when she reaches home late
  • Cancer that kills a child when he/she is in the Mother’s Womb
  • Cancer that looks down on the downtrodden
  • Cancer that judges the needy
  • Cancer that leads to racial discrimination
  • Cancer that takes Bribes
  • Cancer that promotes Dowry
  • Cancer that looks down on the LGBTQ community
  • Cancer that results in Child Marriage or Child Trafficking
  • Cancer that shames the victim and not the perpetrator
  • Cancer that stops us from loving
  • Cancer that leads to Gender Inequality
  • Cancer that separates each other in the name of “RELIGION”
  • Cancer that leads to wars and attacks
  • Cancers named “POVERTY” and “ILLITERACY”
  • Cancer that makes us waste food, water or any resources
  • Cancer of substance abuse
  • Cancer that blinds our eyes and makes us self-centered
  • Cancer that stops us from recognizing the cancer within us

On this World Cancer Day, team VAWSUM encourages each one of us to recognize the Cancer that is within us. It is only when we detect the cancer within us can we justly deal with the disease named ‘Cancer’ around us. Let us together, say Yes to Life and No to all types of Cancer.

On this World Leprosy Day, let us take an oath to Heal the World.

“The Biggest disease today is not leprosy, but rather the feeling of being unwanted.” – Mother Teresa.

How true is this line! The feeling of being unwanted can indeed be the worst disease. It has the power to destroy one person. World Leprosy Day was started to make people realize that Leprosy is curable and to make the people who are affected with leprosy feel ‘wanted’. A free check-up camp is organized at the anti-leprosy day celebration for the leprosy patients at each health centers which effectively changes the attitudes of people towards the disease. It is a disease caused by the bacteria (Mycobacterium laprae), it is not the hereditary disease, so it is fully curable by the regular and adequate treatment which is very necessary to cure the disease and prevent its disabilities. The Government of India has made a plan to completely eradicate it from India by the distant goal named Leprosy Elimination Target. Variety of leprosy control activities has been launched by the World Health Organization for further reducing the disease worldwide.

The celebration of the day targets to aware people about disease myths such as it is not spread by simply touching the affected person.

Objectives of Celebrating Anti Leprosy Day

  • To raise the leprosy awareness among people.
  • To offer help to those affected by the disease through the regular and free of cost treatment they need.
  • To make the diseased person psychologically strong and help them to cope up with physical impairments of skin sores and nerve damage.
  • To ascertain that all affected persons are getting the necessary treatment, rehabilitation, and care or not.
  • To estimate the marked decrease or increase in the rate of spreading disease.

Today, on this day, let us all join hands and work together as one. Let us fight Leprosy. Let us awake from our sleep and step into the dawn of a bright morning. Let ‘love’ be the language that we speak in and ‘kindness’ be the language that we showcase because only then can we make the ‘unwanted’ feel ‘wanted’ and cure any disease that may come our way.

“Heal the world, make it a better place;
For you and for me, And the entire human race.
There are people dying if you care enough for the living:
Make it a better place, For you and for me.” – Michael Jackson

Let us all be the change that we want to see in the world.

Let us together, heal this world and make this world a better place to live in.

United we stand, Divided we fall. HAPPY REPUBLIC DAY!

One day, a teacher of class 2 walks into his class and the conversation that followed would surely melt your heart.

Teacher – *with a smile* Class, can you all tell me that how many colors are present on our National Flag?

Class – *shouts* There are three colors on our National Flag. They are Saffron, White, and Blue.

Teacher – *with pride* Correct! You all are absolutely correct.

(but then, from one corner of the class, a student named Akash Thapa jumped up and shouted)

Akash – Sir, there are five colors on our National Flag.

(the full class burst into laughter)

Teacher – My child, how are there five colors on the National Flag?

Akash – Sir, on top there is saffron; in the middle, there is white; below, there is green; and there is a blue chakra in the center.

Teacher – Yes, but that, my child, adds up to four and not five.

(then the innocent child replied)

Akash – With saffron, white, green and blue, there are big blots of red all over the flag. I saw this when they opened the coffin in which my dad was kept.

(there was pin drop silence in the class)

Either I will come back after hoisting the tricolor, or I will come back wrapped in it, but I will be back for sure” – Capt. Vikram Batra, PVC

A truer line can never be said regarding the Indian Army. Over the years, it is because of them that we are safe. Law of dispersion says that when a beam of light passes through a triangular prism, it separates into component colors but little does it know that back in the mid 20th Century, a beam of red light entered the prism of British Raj and separated into three distinct colors with a chakra. Newton must have been proud of this spectroscopy, had he been alive. Today on this auspicious day, Team VAWSUM salutes each and every Braveheart because had they not been there, we won’t have been Here.

We stand here today, all safe and sound and call us a ‘republic’. We boast of having a very good constitution but are we really free? Has the crime rate really decreased? Can we really boast of a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC? Can we really say that we have social, economic and political JUSTICE? Can we really say that we have LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith, and worship? Do we really have EQUALITY of status and of opportunity? Are we really promoting FRATERNITY? If not, then the sacrifice of the Bravehearts is of no use. Then The Preamble is of no use.

On this day, when our constitution came into existence, let us pledge against crime and corruption. Let us strive towards the JUSTICE, LIBERTY, EQUALITY, and FRATERNITY that our PREAMBLE states. Only then can we have a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC. 

“Let India be the SONG we SING, Let India be the DREAM we DREAM.”

Jai Hind!

Want an Overall Development of a Student? Try VAWSUM!

When it comes to VAWSUM, the development of a student is of the utmost importance. Be it in any area of the school life, VAWSUM looks into an overall development of the child in every aspect.

If you are a parent, then it is sure that you had tried making the dish that your child loves, with the ingredients that you want (if your child doesn’t want to have the ingredients that you want your child to have) and the child would eat it with joy and happiness. But why does this even happen? What makes the child eat it? Well, the answer is, the child got what he/she wanted.  Now imagine, if one could use this same policy for the development of a student, then how much more developed each student can become. Sounds interesting, isn’t it?

This is exactly why you need VAWSUM. We provide an online platform for students when it comes to studies. Let me elaborate it :

  • The teacher can upload homework over the app and students can do the homework and upload it. Students would love to do this type of homework as shifting paper-based homework to an online platform can make students enjoy the assignment And when students enjoy an assignment, they are more likely to complete it and do a better job. Assigning a digital form of homework means one doesn’t have missing assignments. The online platform can be very interactive as students can read their classmates’ uploaded homework and leave comments. This helps in the overall development of the student.
  • The teacher can upload links, photos, and documents. This creates an atmosphere of a smart class. This is very helpful for auditory and visual learners as this enhances their speed of learning, and thus fostering their development.
  • The attendance module of the App makes sure that the students don’t miss classes unnecessarily, and as we all know, “The First step to Success is Showing Up”. Therefore, this too enhances the student development.
  • Using the app, a teacher can upload pictures of school activities. Now say for an example, John comes first in a 100-meter race and his picture gets uploaded. Paul, who is also a sprinter, sees this and makes it a point to work hard such that his picture is uploaded the next year. This is what exactly happened in a school. Young people love the limelight and when he/she knows that the audience would be the entire school then he/she is bound to work harder towards his own development.
  • One can also track the school bus of his/her child by using this app. This ensures the safety of the child.
  • The teacher can communicate with each parent one on one using the app. This helps when the parent-teacher meeting is hard to come by. It can be because of many reasons(few reasons could be, unavailability of the parent or the teacher a given day). This actually helps when a teacher needs to inform a parent regarding something on the very day of its occurrence. For example, if a math teacher sees that a student is having difficulty with multiplication, then he/she doesn’t have to wait for the next PTM. He/she can inform the parent at that very moment and the parent can easily look into it. This feature thus creates a very interactive atmosphere between a parent and a teacher and this is bound to enhance the overall development of the student.

Now, when the child enjoys his/her academics, gets incentives for co-curricular activities, is assured security and there is a very good communication between the parent and teacher, then there is an assured growth in the performance of the child.

Many people, across ten states in India, have already started using this app and the biggest reason is, VAWSUM assures an overall development of the Student. If you are a too want the same for any student, then VAWSUM is the ideal solution.

For a better understanding, kindly visit

Do you know why 24th January is celebrated as National Girl Child Day in India?

The creator of the universe didn’t dare to think beyond the IIMs, hence missed out on the honor of being an IIPM-ian. He must have unknowingly created an unsolvable, uncrackable puzzle for the rest of humanity to solve. As far as the mysteries are concerned, they are mysterious in themselves. They can’t be categorized, thus multiplying the complexity. They can be happy, yet they can cry. They can be sad, yet they might smile. They might feel like bursting out, yet they choose to stay calm. They are just being themselves that they don’t realize that how truly unprecedented they are.  There is no practical or theoretically possible starting point and no end to that. Every new definition challenges the previous one. Yes, we are speaking about the most wonderful creation of God, ‘GIRLS’.

The patriarchal society we live in has conditioned us to view women as the weaker sex. They are often seen as a liability when they should be treated as an asset. Female infanticide is a problem that has plagued our country for decades. Spreading awareness of the importance of having a girl child is the need of the hour. In order to meet this goal, January 24th is celebrated as the National Girl Child Day every year.

The aim of celebrating National Girl Child Day is highlighted in the following points:  (source: UPSC)

1) National Girl Child Day is celebrated to make the Girl get all the opportunities and rights for their betterment.

2) The government of India is used to eliminate the Inequalities used to face by the Girls in the Country.

3) The government has stated that every Girl should get every respect and right in the society of the Country.

4) The government made the Rule increase the sex ratio in India and to change the mind of the people to get every equal right to the Girl Child.

5) The government made the rule to make the people to behave in a right manner with the Girl and to provide the same emphasis to them.

6) To make the people know about the Girl’s Education, Respect, Health, and Nutrition.

7) To get the Equality of the Gender for the people.

8) To provide them equal rights to move around every part of the country by allowing every Girl to move to every part of the Country in India.

There are many rights provided by the Government to the Girls by which they can be able to get every Right for the welfare of the Country. Few of them are: (source: UPSC)

1) The government has blocked the Determination of the Sex when the Women become pregnant.

2) Girls Child marriages are restricted by the Government.

3) Care should be taken of the pregnant Women for the Child to remain healthy and Strong in their Womb.

4) The government has made the scheme of “Save a Girl Child” for announcing the people to get them in a right way to accept the Girl Child.

5) The government has declared to provide the Girls education till the 14 years of age for nurturing the good rite in them.

6) The government has many Laws of Anti- Sati, Anti- MTP to make the Women get employment and Status to the Women.

7) The government has implemented Five Years Plan to look after the Education Status of the Backwards States in India.

8) The government has made the rules to get equal rights and also opportunities to the Girls for their better Future.

9) The government has created the “Operation Blackboard” for the Girls by which every Teacher gets the Higher Education for making every Students better in the Education.

10) A government has opened up many Balwadi crèches for caring many babies and also make them visit the primary schools.

Each and every girl is special and unique in every aspect of life. No combination of any alphabet in English can properly frame a proper adjective to define a ‘GIRL CHILD’. On this auspicious day, Team VAWSUM takes this opportunity to quote the words of Sania Mirza – “Having a girl child is a PLUS and not a MINUS.” Jai Hind!

The Reason behind Reduced Absenteeism

Over the years, one of the irksome issue for school authorities has been an increase in the rate of Absenteeism. Quite often than not, students are absent without a bona fide excuse. Absenteeism has been a topic of concern as it has often been linked to serious problems such as violence, substance abuse, gang involvement and criminal activity such as burglary and vandalism. Left unaddressed, absenteeism can have significant negative effects on students, the school and on society. Absenteeism can lead to depression and also result in poor quality of education as a result of time lost while being away from school. It could also lead to moral degradation that leads to drug abuse, early pregnancies, and unruly behavior. And quite often, A PARENT IS UNKNOWN TO THE FACT THAT HIS/HER WARD IS ABSENT.

In this fast-moving world, where both parents of a student are usually employed, it becomes difficult for the parents to keep a check on the whereabouts of his/her child and this results to an increase in absenteeism. There can be many reasons behind absenteeism of a student but the worst one is “bunking”. “Bunking” has been one of the main cause in more than 60% of cases of absenteeism. It can because of reasons varying from peer pressure to phobic adolescence or maybe from lack of interest to private coaching, there had been many reasons behind the induction of “Bunking” into the long list of the reasons behind being “absent”. Of all the reasons, the one reason that shines the brightest is “lack of engagement of the parent as long as the attendance of their child is concerned”.

But how to fray against “bunking” which results in such rates of absenteeism? The answer to this problems is, VAWSUM. VAWSUM is a parent-teacher engagement app and VAWSUM helps a parent to keep full track of their ward’s attendance. Using VAWSUM, when a teacher takes attendance, the parent of the child gets notified there and then. As a result, there is very little provision for the child, not to be present (without a valid reason), as he/she knows that his/her parents would be notified. This results in an increase in attendance. When a child is present in the school, his/her class involvement increases and this enhances the growth of the child. This method of taking attendance promotes presenteeism as part of the discourse of learners, for each student.

Many schools across India are strengthening their class attendance policies by using VAWSUM. VAWSUM has been the cornerstone of the success for most schools. The attendance module of the app has revolutionized the ways of taking attendance and has indeed helped in the rise in the rate of presenteeism. While many schools have already started using VAWSUM, many have already requested for a demo use. If you too want the same, then contact us at

Build Your School Brand! Go VAWSUM!

“Brand is the promise, the big idea, the expectations that reside in each customer’s mind about a product, service or company.  Branding is about making an emotional connection.”  – Alina Wheeler, Designing Brand Identity

One of the most daunting task for every business is marketing the business and if you are running a school, then branding becomes even more troublesome. A lot of things needs to be kept intact when one has to do the branding as far as the school is concerned. From teachers to parents, from present students to ex-students, from workers to drivers – the school authority needs to put in that extra effort when branding is concerned. As Alina Wheeler says, branding can only be done when one can strike an emotional chord in the heart of the people.

Vawsum helps a school do just that. VAWSUM – the educational app that ensures a proper communication between parent and students helps you do just that. VAWSUM helps a school in the following ways :

> Vawsum ensures a better parent-teacher relationship. A parent doesn’t only get involved, but he/she also gets engaged with the important decision making of his/her child. this is done by

  • The ATTENDANCE module of the App notifies a parent regarding the attendance of the student on a regular basis. This shows that each school values their student and this builds a trust between the school and the parents of each and every student.
  • All the DIARY Work can be updated and sent to each parent on a regular basis. This improves the parent-teacher communication and thus, the school name gets printed in the good book of every parent.
  • One can easily SHARE LINKS using this app. This creates the atmosphere of the smart class. This feature helps students in better learning. Students get excited about learning because of this feature and thus, the school name gets printed in the good book of every student.

Now, when both, the students and parents are happy, they automatically become the brand ambassadors of the school and thus, helping in the BRANDING of the school.

>The online fees payment facility saves the time of each parent and once again, converts each parent into a potential brand ambassador for the school.

>The bus tracking facility that VAWSUM provides, ensures safety and security for each student. This also ensures that every driver rides safely. “Security” forms one major component when BRANDING is concerned.

> In this digital world, VAWSUM provides a digital platform to both, parent and the school authority. Thus, VAWSUM is helping each and everyone to be toe to toe with digitalization.

All these factors help in building the BRAND name of each and every school afterall “A Satisfied Customer, is the Best Business strategy of all“. So all in all, if you want a better BRANDING of your SCHOOL, then VAWSUM is the ideal platform.


Netaji – The Unsolved Riddle

“Freedom is to society what health is to the individual.”  – Lord Bolingbroke

A society without freedom ultimately jeopardizes the well being of its citizens and social prosperity. People long for freedom. Freedom gives every individual a sense of hope and a meaning in life. Since time immemorial, people have been fighting for freedom based on their own situation and circumstances in life. While some shouts for freedom from dictatorship and never-ending tyranny, others are screaming against dangerous substances such as alcohol or drugs. Back in the early 20th century, India fell in the first category, where the only word that made sense for every Indian was, “Freedom”.

India was enveloped by the British rule and Freedom seemed nothing but a distant reality. The curtains were down and India awaited a warring subjugator, who could destroy the British rule and out stepped Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, the son of Janakinath Bose and Prabhavati Devi. He was born on the 23rd January at Cuttack, Orissa.

We all know that Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose and the then Brtish Government had no love lost between them. He had tremendous hatred against the British Government because they had unleashed inhuman torture and atrocities against the innocent Indians. Yet he sat for the ICS Examination in deference to his father’s wish. He came out with flying colors and stood fourth in the Examination. In the Viva-voce test, he was asked some interesting and difficult questions because they wanted to fail him. One of the questions was a) How many buckets of water are there in the ocean? Subhash replied,” It depends on the size of the bucket.” The interviewers were stumped. The second question was b) What is the difference between a soldier and a woman? They thought they had called Subhash on the wrong foot. How wrong they were! Subhash gave them a brilliant answer: A woman powders her face and a soldier faces the powdersThe examiners were stunned. He cleared the Indian Civil Service examination in 1920 in England.

The Jallianwallah Bagh Massacre moved and disturbed him, too much. He resigned from his civil service job on April 23, 1921. Under the deep influence of Mahatma Gandhi, he joined the Indian National Congress. He was very much impressed by Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das and began to regard him as his political guru and guide.

Subhash Chandra was arrested several times, for example, he was arrested in Kolkata in December 1921 when he joined the boycott of Prince of Wales’ visit. He was again arrested in October 1924 and sent to prison at Mandalay Jail in Burma (Myanmar). Later he became the Mayor of Kolkata.

Earlier, Bose had been a leader of the younger, radical, wing of the Indian National Congress in the late 1920s and 1930s, rising to become Congress President in 1938 and 1939. He was expelled from Congress leadership positions in 1939, following differences with Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi and the Congress high command, after openly attacking the Congress’ foreign and internal policies. Bose did believe that Gandhi’s tactics of non-violence would never be sufficient to secure independence and advocated violent resistance. Subhash Chandra launched an all-India anti-British Campaign in September 1939. He was arrested in July 1940. Later he was put under house-arrest, but then he disappeared in the guise of a Pathan and reached Berlin, Germany in November 1941.

He reached Malaya and established Indian National Army (INA) or Azad Hind Fauz by recruiting Indian prisoners of war. In June 1943, he visited Japan to have the support of the Japanese government in the freedom struggle of India. On October 21, 1943, he became the commander of the Indian National Army in Singapore and began his military struggle against the British. He also established the Provisional Government of Free India there. In December 1943 he occupied Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

In December 1944 the Indian National Army crossed the Burma-India Border and reached Kohima and then Imphal. But the surrender of the Japanese forced him to withdraw and call off the war. It is believed that he lost his life in a plane crash on August 18, 1945, at the Taihoku airport, Formosa.

Subhash Chandra was one of the greatest freedom-fighters and patriots and is the Pride of Bengal. He became a legend in his lifetime as a great leader, fiery orator, and organizer. His military exploits, unmatched patriotism, and exemplary bravery have made him a role model for the young men and women of India. He still lives in our hearts and minds and works as a leading light and source of inspiration.

“By freedom, I mean all-around freedom, i.e. freedom for the individual as well as for the society; freedom for the rich as well as for the poor; freedom for men as well as for women; freedom for all individuals and for all classes.”

—Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose

Let us all strive toward such a freedom, in which, we ALL would live as one. Today, let us with all our fellow citizens, utter his ever memorable magic cry – Jai Hind!

Is your School Bus GPS Enabled?

Sending off kids to school in school buses can be a very intimidating for the parent as one has no idea if his/her kid has reached school safely or not and this intimidation will continue till the child returns home safely in the evening. But if the school bus is a little late, parents’ minds start running at the rate of knots. Approximately, 17,000 children are rushed to emergency rooms on an average per year because of school bus-related issues.

When it comes to the safety and security of children, technological solutions are mandated by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE). In January 2014, the Board made it compulsory for all school buses to be equipped with Global Positioning System (GPS) for their locations to be tracked.

Like CBSE, using the technology advancement like GPS to track school buses would be an effective solution for all. Considering its simplicity and utility, this tracking system is a perfect solution for the parents as well as the school authorities and if the GPS service provider is VAWSUM, then the experience is bound to be very awesome. Let us have a close look at the boon of the system provided by VAWSUM.


With VAWSUM, the school buses are being tracked and so, the school authorities and parents get real-time information on the location of every student. Notifications are sent for unscheduled stops, and the real-time location can be checked from the system’s mobile application; thus quickly finding solutions during emergency situations.

Easy Management

VAWSUM  takes care of routing and scheduling automatically. School authorities only need to review it and make changes for exceptional cases.

Peace of Mind

VAWSUM helps to provide peace of mind to both, parents and school authorities. VAWSUM provides real-time notifications and thus, one can easily get to know the reason behind the delayed school transportation. Sometimes it can be a traffic jam, unfavorable weather condition, break down, etc. whatever may be the reason, parents and school authorities will know about it instantly.

Enhances Driver Safety

By using a VAWSUM, one can easily monitor over details such as speed, acceleration, braking, and turnings that the bus take, with utmost ease and with these data, one will easily be able to know whether the driver is driving safely and whether he/she is following road safety rules or not.

Saves Time

By using VAWSUM, parents are able to get a real-time notification on arrival and departure timing of a school bus. Hence, waiting for a long time for the arrival of the school bus can be avoided with utmost ease and thus, save the time for both children and parents.

Green India

VAWSUM helps you track school buses. When the bus is under surveillance, the bus driver will always opt to use the best route for school transportation and also, there are little chances of a student missing the school bus and opting for a different mode of communication for that day. All these will reduce the fuel consumption, which will result in creating a greener environment.

The installation of GPS tracking systems with VAWSUM really fosters the safety of the child. Many school authorities and parents have already installed it and ensured the safety of the child. If you too want to ensure the same, then VAWSUM is your ideal solution.

For more updates, kindly visit our official webpage at 

The cause behind the increase in the rate of Drop-Out in Educational Institutions

To address the school dropout problem, educational institutions need to identify the cause as early as possible. These individuals, who drop out, are clearly not lost causes, and there is immense value in identifying the causes at the grass root level because, if the cause is not treated at the grass root level, then it cannot be treated at all.

The Union budget speech recognized the need to measure learning outcomes in schools. An amendment was added to the Right To Education(RTE) Act states that a child cannot be expelled or detained until the completion of elementary education – i.e., until class VIII.

The dropout rate peaks at the secondary level (class IX-X) at 17%, as compared to 4% in elementary school (class I-VIII) and 2% in upper secondary school (class XI-XII). This is also reflected in the transition rates in school education where the lowest transition rate is at the secondary level (from class X to class XI) at 69%. Once children are enrolled, transition rates indicate whether they are able to advance to higher classes. A transition rate below 100% indicates that the students are held back or have dropped out of school.

Speaking of Education, the one area of concern always remain ‘rural’ education. Around 68.84% people in India live in the ‘rural’ section of the society and as a result, ‘rural’ education always remains as the area of concern. The drop out rate is more in the ‘rural’ section than the ‘urban’ section. Few reasons behind this would be:

  • Quality and access to education is the major concern in rural schools as there are fewer committed teachers, lack of proper textbooks and learning material in the schools.
  • Every village is not provided with a school which means that students have to go to another village to get an education. Owing to this parents usually do not send their daughters to school, leading to a failure in achieving the rural education in India.
  • Most textbooks are in English and since people in rural areas either speak their native language or Hindi, but not English that defeats the purpose. This results in lack of their interest in studies.
  • Students are not at all encouraged to think but they are asked to memorize pre-defined questions for exams. So for many students clearing examination at the end of the session, passing their exam becomes more important than gaining knowledge.
  • Government schools are not as good and private schools are expensive. This results in a very low number of students actually clearing their secondary education and taking admission in a college for further studies. So the drop-out-rate at the secondary level is extremely high in villages.

The ultimate reason behind the Drop out rate is the Indian Education System. The actual quantity of schooling that children experience and the quality of teaching they receive are extremely insufficient in most government schools, be it rural or urban. A common feature in all government schools is the poor quality of education, with weak infrastructure and inadequate pedagogic attention.

The government is failing to realize that education which is a source of human capital can create wide income inequalities. The same group of people, who have received the same degree might have a comparative advantage over each other based on the educational background. There forms a massive income inequality. Let us understand this with the help of an example:

Let John be an individual who has had no primary or higher education. His human capital is zero and hence it bears no returns. Let Ramesh be an individual who completed his MBA from S.P Jain college and let Akbar be an individual who completed his MBA from IIM Calcutta. The average rate of return for an MBA student is 7.5% (hypothetical). Ramesh gets a rate of return of 5% and Akbar gets a rate of return of 10% due to the difference in the reputation and quality of the management school. Let the income of John, Ramesh, and Akbar be 1. In a period of 10 years, John will be having the same income, as he does not possess human capital. For the same time period, Ramesh will earn an income of (1+0.05)^10=1.63 and Akbar will earn an income of (1+0.10)^10=2.59. Now let us see what happens when the rate of return on human capital doubles. Earnings of John will not change since he does not have any human capital. Now, Ramesh is going to earn (1+0.10)^10=1.63, and Akbar is going to earn (1+0.20)^10=6.19. Flabbergasting! As soon as return on human capital increases, income inequality increases proportionately. With the return on human capital doubling, Ramesh’s income increases by 59% and Akbar’s income increases by 139%.

The above example just shows the effect of the quality of human capital n income inequality. So if the government does not improve education system particularly in rural areas the rich will become richer and the poor will get poorer.

According to NSSO data (71st round) on reasons for dropping out (for the 5-29 age group), the key reasons for female students dropping out is due to domestic activities, lack of interest in education and marriage. On the other hand, the key reasons for male students dropping out are economic activities, lack of interest in education and financial constraints.

The only way to counter the problem that leads to such Income Inequality and the rate of Drop out is to solve the problem at the grassroots level. And the problem is our Education System. Hence, it is imperative for the government to correct the blemishes in India’s education system which will also be a step towards reducing income inequality and thus, reducing the drop out rate among the students of India.